Insertion of Artificial Bones into Vertebral Bone
These procedures known as vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are two techniques to reinforce vertebral bone. For applying these procedures a needle is inserted through skin, which is less damaging compared to open surgery. These techniques are most frequently indicated for osteoporosis associated vertebral bone fractures. Additionally, in some cases with injuries and bone cancers, these techniques are used for both sampling and treatment.
Secondary reasons of vertebral osteoporosis include oral cortisone intake, earlier menopause, unexpected weight loss and inappropriate diet.
Fractures in vertebral bones gradually cause deformation in vertebrate. Patients will experience kyphosis that is abnormally excessive convex kyphotic curvature of the spine. Patients cannot perform daily activities due to severe pains. As it frequently occurs in old patients, it will be accompanied with other systemic diseases.
With these techniques, long stay at bed and use of corsets, as well as intake of painkillers are prevented. Potential risks such as pulmonary infection, formation of renal calculi and embolism related obstruction in critical regions due to long stay at bed are reduced.
Kyphoplasty (Insertion of Artificial Bone Following Vertebral Augmentation with Balloon)
In case of edema detection following MRI, those suffering from collapsed vertebrate are the most common target population for kyphoplasty in terms of radiology. Kyphoplasty is substantially effective in case of severe pains of the patients suffering from osteoporosis linked collapsed vertebrate. It is applied to eliminate pain up to 6 weeks at most.
As the amount of artificial bone to be inserted is predefined, bone cement leakage risk is minimized. This technique can be performed under local or general anesthesia. Following the augmentation of vertebral bone with balloon inflation, bone cement is injected with injected with 1.5 cc cannulas. In case of fractures, it is also a known fact that bone height cannot always be augmented in the level desired. Patients by wearing corsets stand 3-4 hours after the procedure. If kyphoplasty is performed under general anesthesia, patient will stay at the hospital for one night. Additionally, vertebral biopsy harvesting is performed during this procedure.