What is spondylolisthesis?
Spondylolisthesis is a curvature associated disease occurring among the vertebral columns in various grades and named differently, due to disorders of segments enabling the motions of spine.
Who experiences spondylolisthesis?
Patients in pediatric ages and those middle aged usually present with sponsylolisthesis.
What are the symptoms of spondylolisthesis?
- Back and hip pains (which trigger while leaning forward and alleviate while stretching backwards)
- Leg cramps
- Postural distortion
- Neurological disorders associated symptoms
How to detect spondylolisthesis?
MRI or lateral lumbosacral x-ray test supported clinical examinations can detect spondylolisthesis.
How to treat spondylolisthesis?
Treatment options recommended for those patients presenting with spondylolisthesis are as follows:
- Operation free treatment option(Applied in patients presenting with less than 50% spondylolisthesis and with no symptoms)
- Physical therapy
- Surgical treatment
- Only 10-20% of the patients with spondylolisthesis need surgery. The purpose of surgical procedure is to enable combination, and open the ducts and to correct axis.
Operation free treatment option for spondylolisthesis: It is significant to determine the grade of pain in spine and legs and spinal curvature for operation free option. Your physician may ask you to reduce your daily activities. Use of waist corset for short time may be recommended, as well. Underlying reason of using waist corset is to help reducing pain, and ruling out spasm.
Physical therapy: Firstly, your physician will arrange physical therapy schedule for you.With these exercises, your physician intend to make you strength your back muscles. The primary aim of physical therapy is to extend the short and twisted muscles, thereby enabling your spinal curvature to be durable and fixed.
Surgical treatment:Severity of pains and curvature grade are significant parameters for this treatment option. In the event that patients present with high grade spondylolisthesis, operation free treatment option and physical therapy may be insufficient. In such cases full endoscopic disc surgery option is required to be applied.