What is lumbar spinal stenosis?
There are components known as discs which interconnect the spinal columns to each other in the spinal cord. In the event sufficient volume of fluids is not kept inside these discs, they will lose their full ability to carry loads and they can slide towards the spinal duct from their original regions thereby causing stenosis in the duct sizes.
It can be described as narrowing the holes through which nerves extending from duct and spinal cord pass.
What is the location of lumbar spinal stenosis in the spinal cord?
It can occur in any piece of the spinal region but particularly in lumbar spine.
What are the underlying reasons of lumbar spinal stenosis?
There are various underlying reasons of this disease. However, the most frequent reasons are as follows:
- Disc degenerations,
- Congenital defects,
- Functional and tissue disorders,
- Hernias, and
- Abnormal curve of spine (scoliosis).
What are the symptoms of lumbar spinal stenosis?
Difficulty standing, pains in waist and legs are the most common symptoms of lumbar spinal stenosis.
Those pains felt in waist and feet while walking or standing can be the symptoms of thelumbar spinal stenosis. These complaints can be reduced while resting and leaning forward. Because it is a slowly developing disease, it can be detected prior to the formation of serious medical situations such as neural deficitsand stroke. Not only one nerve is affected by this disorder but numerous nerves can be affected by lumbar spinal stenosis.
How to detect and treat lumbar spinal stenosis?
Detection:In some cases patients presenting with arteriosclerosis, atheresclerosis and similar complaints must be examined for vascular disorders. Clinical examination as well as MRI and CT are adequate forthe atherosclerosis.
Treatment: Based upon the complaints, age and systemic diseases of the cases, medical treatment can be delayed by delivering physical therapy and giving some suggestions as well as injection therapy even if no risks occur. If no alleviation occurs with the treatment applied, surgical treatment will be suggested.
What kinds of surgical treatment are applied?
Conventional open system surgery,
Full endoscopic disc surgery approach.
Full Endoscopic Disc Surgery Approach in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
A small sized laceration from only one section is applied on the related part with the full endoscopic disc surgery approach in case of lumbar spinal stenosis. With this slight laceration, the patient will not lose great deal of blood and the laceration can be closed with solely few sutures.
This full endoscopic approach for lumbar spinal stenosis treatment is performed without leading to any problem in the motion ability of the spine, which is known to be stabilization, and the patient is discharged within a short period.