Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Although trauma is the most frequently underlying reason of intracerebral hemorrhage, those cases occurring spontaneously are associated with tears of aneurysm known as protruding balloons inside the cerebral vessels.Arteriovenous malformation (AVM), other vasculitis and tumors are secondary reasons. Immediate and severe headaches should always be considered seriously. Those patients with hereditary histories should particularly be inspected. Those patients with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and bleeding disorders bear high risks in terms of intracerebral hemorrhage. Diagnosis and treatment of such diseases leading to high level of disabilities and deaths should be performed in a fully equipped healthcare facility immediately. If you have experienced serious headaches and your family members have experienced with intracerebral hemorrhage and in the event that symptoms are persistent despite medications, you must necessarily pay a visit to your physician.

What are the symptoms of intracerebral hemorrhage?

(Symptoms vary based upon the location of intracerebral hemorrhage.)

  • Nausea, vomiting,
  • Headache,
  • Numbness or loss of motion in any part of the body,
  • Loss of consciousness,
  • Difficulty in speech and comprehension,
  • Loss of balance,
  • Difficulty in swallowing,
  • Difficulty in reading and writing,
  • Sleepiness,
  • Facial deformity.

What are the reasons of intracerebral hemorrhage?

  • Head trauma,
  • Untreated hypertension,
  • Aneurysm,
  • Abnormalities in blood vessels,
  • Cerebral amyloidal angiopathy,
  • Hemophilia and other blood diseases,
  • Hepatic diseases,
  • Brain tumors,

Is intracerebral hemorrhage associated with age?

Intracerebral hemorrhage is frequently associated with head traumas in those adults younger than 50 years old, those aged 50 and older aneurysms and hypertension are primary reasons.

How to detect and treat intracerebral hemorrhage?

Accurate location of intracerebral hemorrhage is detected with:

  • Clinical examination,
  • Computerized tomography (CT)
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
  • Brain angiograph.


Following the detection of intracerebral hemorrhage, the treatment option varies based upon the location and volume of hemorrhage. Surgical procedure is an option to cease bleedingand to reduce swelling. In order for alleviating pains and for reducing the swelling, pain killers, diuretics and tocolytics can be additionally delivered.

Your attending physician will provide you with detailed information about the most appropriate treatment option, whether surgical procedure is required, and possible postoperative problems you can experience.

What are the preventive measures of intracerebral hemorrhage?

It is possible to reduce the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage by avoiding factors other than head trauma causing the intracerebral hemorrhage. Smoking and hypertension* increase the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage.

Quitting smoking and reducing hypertension, you can reduce the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage.

*Obesity, excessive salt intake, and unhealthy diets are the underlying reasons of hypertension.

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