Spinal injuries include displacement of vertebral bone, sprained spinal ligaments, spinal fractures, injury of nerves passing through spines and spinal cord injury.
First aid is of importance for spinal injuries. Malpractice might lead to disability or even death of the patient. Therefore, first aid rules must be known and applied accordingly.
Patient’s conscious state is checked.
Vital signs of the patient (i.e. blood pressure, breathing and pulse) are evaluated.
Emergent medical assistance is requested.
If the patient is conscious and patient lies at a safe place, s/he is not moved, and emergent medical assistance team is waited.
On the other, if there is a potential danger (such as fire, explosion, and flood), emergent evacuation may be required until the team arrives. In such case, the patient is carefully held from armpits or legs without damaging spinal axis (head-neck-body) thereby evacuating the patient from the dangerous site.
- The patient should be taken onto the stretcher without damaging the body axis (head-neck-body).
- During transportation, patient should be fixed.
- All interventions and information about the patient/injured should be noted and the team should be informed about them.
- The patient should always be accompanied.